Seasonal Gardening: What to Plant Each Month

EEdgar September 3, 2023 9:52 AM

Gardening is not a one-time affair. It's a year-round commitment that requires knowledge and understanding of what to plant and when. This guide is your monthly roadmap to a flourishing garden, offering tips on what to plant each month, from flowers and vegetables to herbs and other plants.


January is the perfect time to start planning your garden for the year. Examine your garden, evaluate what worked last year, what didn’t, and start ordering seeds and bulbs for spring.

  • Flowers: Primrose, Pansies
  • Vegetables: Onions, Leeks
  • Herbs: Parsley, Chives

Create a gardening calendar and set your goals for the upcoming seasons.


As the end of the winter nears, start preparing your soil for spring planting by adding organic matter to enrich it.

  • Flowers: Snowdrops, Winter Aconites
  • Vegetables: Broad Beans, Peas
  • Herbs: Coriander, Dill

Start pruning your fruit trees and bushes.


March heralds the arrival of spring, so it's time to get busy in your garden.

  • Flowers: Daffodils, Tulips
  • Vegetables: Lettuce, Radishes
  • Herbs: Basil, Thyme

Begin hardening off your indoor seedlings by gradually exposing them to outdoor conditions.


April is a peak planting month, with warmer temperatures and longer daylight hours.

  • Flowers: Lilies, Sunflowers
  • Vegetables: Tomatoes, Cucumbers
  • Herbs: Rosemary, Mint

Trim any lingering dead foliage from perennials and begin regular watering.


The threat of frost has now passed, making it ideal for planting most of your seeds outdoors.

  • Flowers: Dahlias, Marigolds
  • Vegetables: Zucchini, Corn
  • Herbs: Oregano, Sage

Pay close attention to your garden and water thoroughly during dry periods.


The summer is here, and it's time to enjoy your garden while staying on top of the weeding.

  • Flowers: Hydrangeas, Petunias
  • Vegetables: Pumpkins, Squash
  • Herbs: Tarragon, Fennel

Keep an eye out for pests and diseases.


With the garden at full bloom, July is more about maintenance and enjoying your hard work.

  • Flowers: Roses, Lavender
  • Vegetables: Beetroot, Carrots
  • Herbs: Cilantro, Basil

Ensure proper watering and fertilization, especially during hot spells.


As summer draws to a close, continue harvesting and start planning for fall.

  • Flowers: Gladiolus, Geraniums
  • Vegetables: Eggplants, Peppers
  • Herbs: Dill, Parsley

Begin collecting seeds from your favorite plants to sow next year.


The arrival of fall doesn't mean the end of gardening. Many plants thrive in this cooler weather.

  • Flowers: Aster, Chrysanthemum
  • Vegetables: Spinach, Swiss Chard
  • Herbs: Thyme, Rosemary

Start preparing your garden for winter by clearing out spent plants.


October is all about preparation for the winter and next spring.

  • Flowers: Pansies, Violas
  • Vegetables: Garlic, Spring Cabbage
  • Herbs: Chives, Parsley

Cover tender plants to protect them from early frosts.


As winter begins to set in, it's important to protect your garden.

  • Flowers: Winter Jasmine, Christmas Rose
  • Vegetables: Winter Salad, Kale
  • Herbs: Sage, Mint

Rake up fallen leaves and compost or mulch them.


December might be the quietest month in the garden, but there's always work to be done.

  • Flowers: Cyclamen, Winter Heather
  • Vegetables: Winter Greens, Leeks
  • Herbs: Bay, Thyme

Take time to clean and sharpen your gardening tools, ready for the new year.

This guide should serve as a rough roadmap, but remember that local climate and conditions can greatly impact what you can plant and when.

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